Industrial Robots And Significance

An industrial robot is a robot system used in industrial areas or factories for manufacturing purposes. These robots work automatically. They are programmable and can move around two or more axis. They help labor to complete the manufacturing work efficiently. It reduces the dependence on manpower.

During the year 2015, around 1.64 million industrial robots were being used globally. The classification of Industrial robots is based on different criteria. They are:

  • Type of movement
  • Brand
  • Application
  • Architecture


The robot can be used for several purposes. It includes:

  • Welding
  • Assembly
  • Painting
  • Disassembling
  • Material handling
  • Packaging and Labeling
  • Testing
  • Product Inspection
  • Palletizing

This robot can do all the above-mentioned stuff with high-speed, great endurance, as well as with perfection. They are created to handle the material.

Industrial Robots For Different Types Of Work

These robots include a variety of applications. Applications determine the type of work that a robot can do. When the developers start working on a robot, they have several applications and processes in their minds. But different applications have different needs.

For instance, a painting robot needs a short payload but a bigger range of movement and should be freed from explosion danger. An assembly robot needs only a smaller area to work. But it will work very fast and quick.

Thus, the target application will determine the type of movement, control law, linkage dimension, software as well as accessory packages, etc.

Brands Of Industrial Robots

  • ABB
  • Kuka
  • Denso
  • Motoman
  • Fanuc
  • Comau
  • Adept
  • Kawasaki

Industrial Robots With Distinguished Movements

Cartesian Robots

These robots can make up three translations.

Scara Robots

These robots can do three translations as well as rotation on its vertical axis.

6-Axis Robots

6-axis Robots can completely position their tool in a certain position. It includes three translations as well as three orientations. Thus, they only possess one posture at a time for a certain tool position.

Redundant Robots

These robots can easily place their tools at a specific location. Also, they can utilize a particular tool position under several postures. It works like a human being’s arm that can hold a handle while at the same time moving his shoulder and joints.

Dual-Arm Industrial Robot

These robots are developed with two arms that work together on a certain object. Also, its movements depend on the arrangement of joints and linkages.

Serial And Parallel Robots

Serial robots, developed by a chain of joints and linkages. It starts from the base and ends up with the robot tool.

Also, parallel robots, are created in many shapes and sizes. They are also known as spider robots. These robots require smaller workspace but work very fast. They work as if several arms are working simultaneously with the robot tool. They can close their loops from the base and then come back to the tool.

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